- | Thursday, November 9
- 12:15 PM
- Kaiserplatz 7-9, 4th floor, Room 4.006
Migrants and the Making of America: The Short and Long-Run Effects of Immigration during the Age of Mass Migration
We study the effects of European immigration to the United
States during the Age of Mass Migration (1850–1920) on economic
prosperity today. We exploit variation in the extent of immigration
across counties arising from the interaction of fluctuations in aggregate
immigrant flows and the gradual expansion of the railway network
across the United States. We find that locations with more historical
immigration have higher incomes, less poverty, less unemployment,
higher rates of urbanization, and greater educational attainment today.
The long-run effects appear to arise from the persistence of sizeable
short-run benefits, including greater industrialization, increased
agricultural productivity, and more innovation.