01.03.2021 | ORA Grant
Luis Bauluz, Filip Novokmet and Moritz Schularick have received a grant from the Open Research Area (ORA) for the Social Sciences to study the link between national and sub-national income inequality in Germany, France, Canada, the UK, and the US.
The project, entitled “Linking National and Regional Income Inequality: Cross-Country Data Harmonization and Analysis", aims to measure and analyze the evolution of regional and national income inequality from a consistent cross-country perspective.
The ORA is an agreement between ANR (France), DFG (Germany), ESRC (UK), and SSHRC (Canada) to strengthen international co-operation in the social sciences through a common call for proposals to fund the highest quality joint research projects. Luis, Filip and Moritz constitute the German team for this project, which will include three other groups of researchers in the UK (LSE and Oxford University), France (Paris School of Economics and Evry University), and Canada (McGill University). The project's duration is three years: 2021, 2022, and 2023.
16.02.2021 | VoxEU
Manuel Funke, Moritz Schularick, and Christoph Trebesch have published a lead commentary in the VoxEU debate on Populism.
The rise of populism in the past two decades has motivated much work on its drivers, but less is known about its economic and political consequences. This column uses a comprehensive cross-country database on populism dating back to 1900 to offer a historical, long-run perspective. It shows that (1) populism has a long history and is serial in nature – if countries have been governed by a populist once, they are much more likely to see another populist coming to office in the future; (2) populist leadership is economically costly, with a notable long-run decline in consumption and output; and (3) populism is politically disruptive, fostering instability and institutional decay. The analysis suggests that populism is here to stay.
10.02.2021 | VoxEU
Alina K. Bartscher, Moritz Kuhn, Moritz Schularick, and Paul Wachtel have published a VoxEU column on "Monetary policy and racial inequality".
Racial income and wealth gaps in the US are large and persistent. Central bankers and politicians have recently suggested that monetary policy may be used to reduce these inequalities. This column investigates the distributional effects of monetary policy in a unified framework, linking monetary policy shocks both to earnings and wealth differentials between black and white households. Over multi-year horizons, it finds that while accommodative monetary policy tends to reduce racial unemployment and thus earnings differentials, it exacerbates racial wealth differentials, which implies an important trade-off for policymakers.
29.01.2021 | LSE EUROPP Blog
Ricardo Duque Gabriel, Mathias Klein, and Ana Sofia Pessoa explore a detailed regional dataset to provide empirical evidence of strong positive demand and supply-side effects of fiscal stimulus in the Eurozone.
The question of how fiscal policy affects the Eurozone economy has received substantial attention over the last decade. As the main policy interest rate of the European Central Bank (ECB) has reached its lower bound, commentators have frequently asked for more fiscal actions to stimulate the economy. In one of his last press conferences, parting ECB President Mario Draghi stated that it is now “high time I think for the fiscal policy to take charge”. Drawing on a new study for the Eurozone economy, Gabriel, Klein, and Pessoa find that output reacts positively to a fiscal stimulus. By inspecting the transmission mechanisms, they find that this positive response follows not only a positive response of the demand-side of the economy (via positive investment and consumption responses) but also a positive supply-side response via a productivity increase. Moreover, changes in regional government spending have sizeable effects on local labor markets, following a fiscal stimulus we observe an increase in employment, wages, and the labor share - indicating a possible redistribution of income towards workers.
12.01.2021 | VoxEU
Moritz Schularick, Lucas ter Steege, and Felix Ward have published a VoxEU column.
The question of whether monetary policymakers can defuse rising financial stability risks by ‘leaning against the wind’ and increasing interest rates has sparked considerable disagreement among economists. This column contributes to the debate by studying the state-dependent effects of monetary policy on financial stability, based on the ‘near-universe’ of advanced economy financial cycles since the 19th century. It shows that deploying discretionary leaning against the wind policies during credit and asset price booms are more likely to trigger crises than prevent them.
02.01.2021 | EJ
Miguel Artola Blanco, Luis Baulz, and Clara Martínez-Toledano published their paper "Wealth in Spain 1900-2017 A Country of Two Lands" in the Economic Journal.
This study reconstructs Spain’s national wealth from 1900 to 2017. By combining new sources with existing accounts, we estimate the wealth of both private and government sectors and use a new asset-specific decomposition of the long-run accumulation of wealth. We find that, during the twentieth century, the national wealth-to-income ratio remained within a relatively narrow range—between 400% and 600%—until the housing boom of the early 2000s led to an unprecedented rise to 800% in 2007. Our results highlight the importance of land, housing capital gains and international capital flows as key elements of wealth accumulation.